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Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Day for December 14, 2019 is:

impugn • im-PYOON  • verb

: to assail by words or arguments : oppose or attack as false or lacking integrity


The defense attorneys did their best to impugn the credibility of the prosecution’s key witnesses.

“Terrible people hire good attorneys every day. Gripe with malfeasance by said legal teams, sure, but to impugn a lawyer for literally doing his job is unconscionable.” — Tiana Lowe, The Washington (D.C.) Examiner, 13 May 2019

Did you know?

When you impugn, you hazard repugnant pugnacity. More simply put, you risk insulting someone so greatly that they may punch you in response. The belligerent implications of impugn are to be expected in a word that derives from the Latin verb pugnare, which means “to fight.” In its earliest known English uses in the 1300s, impugn could refer to a physical attack (as in, “the troops impugned the city”) as well as to figurative assaults involving verbal contradiction or dispute. Over time, though, the sense of physical battling has become obsolete and the “calling into question” sense has predominated. As you might expect, pugnare also gave English other fighting words, including repugnant and pugnacity.

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Ken Saunders

Freelancer, Gadget collector, Biohacker

Ken Saunders is a freelance writer, gadget collector and Biohacker. Kens’ professional background is in Information Technology as well as Health and Wellness. His experience has given him a broad base from which to approach many topics. He especially enjoys researching and writing articles on the topics of Technology, Food, and all things Freelancing. His articles have appeared in many online sites, including, Andrew Christian, and can learn more about his services at

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